Niihau (Population 160, Area 69 sq. miles) Privately owned island, with livestock raising as its principal industry; highly limited access by general public through helicopter landings at uninhabited sites. Legend says it was the original home of the goddess Pele.
Kauai (Population 58,303, Area 552 sq. miles) The "Garden Island" offers magnificent scenery and lush vegetation, beautiful waterfalls, the spectacular Waimea Canyon, the great "hidden" valley of Kalalau, colorful tropical plants and flowers. Landmarks: Hanalei Bay, Wailua River, Nawiliwili Bay, Poipu Beach.
Oahu (Population 876,156, Area 597 sq. miles) The most populated island, where Honolulu is the Capital City, the principal port, the major airport, and business and financial center, and the educational heart of the State. Oahu is the military command center of the Pacific. Waikiki is the visitor center. Landmarks: Nuuanu Pali, Diamond Head, Pearl Harbor.
Maui (Population 117,644, Area 727 sq. miles) The "Valley Isle" produces sugar, pineapple, cattle, horses. The 10,023-foot Haleakala is the largest dormant volcano crater in the world. Lahaina was Hawaii's capital before 1845, and still has some of the atmosphere of an old whaling town. Nearby are the Kaanapali and Wailea resort areas and golf courses. Hana and Iao Valley draw many visitors.
Molokai (Population 7,404, Area 260 sq. miles) The "Friendly Isle" has diversified agriculture, ranching, tourism and the world's highest sea cliffs along its northern coast. On a 13-square-mile peninsula below high cliffs is Kalaupapa, the Hansen's Disease settlement, officially called Kalawao County, a National Historical Park.
Lanai (Population 3,193, Area 140 sq. miles) Hawaii's "Secluded Island." Formerly known as the "Pineapple Island," Almost the entire island was until recently a Dole Company pineapple plantation but is now phasing in tourism, and is home to two new world class resorts.
Kahoolawe (Uninhabited, Area 45 sq. miles) Once used as a target by U.S. Navy and Air Force which are cleaning up unexploded shells. No one is allowed to go ashore without permission.
Hawaii, the Big Island (Population 148,677, Area 4,028 sq. miles) The "Big Island" has spectacular contrasts...the mighty volcanoes Maunaloa (13,679 feet) and Kilauea, lofty snow clad Maunakea (13,796 feet), the Kau Desert, gorgeous waterfalls, the Puna Fern Forest, the colorful orchids of Hilo. The island grows sugar, coffee, cattle and macadamia nuts. Landmarks: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Kealakekua Bay, Kailua-Kona, Kawaihae, Parker Ranch, Waipio Valley.